February 19, 2013 by Indian Schools of Thought
Yogic practices originated in primitive ideas, based on imagination and customs. These imaginations and customs are universal, they are similar all over the world, whether among the Shamans of Siberia, American Indians, or the tribal of Amazon or rituals of African tribes. The primitive customs and rituals belief to control nature and to have powers to control nature lies in the basic thought and practice of Yoga.
The physical exercises, the concentration, acquiring powers to control social and natural phenomenon; the basis of the human desire as a natural instinct for survival and confronting the hostile environment and dangers of the nature. Thus Yoga as a practice was given an advanced sophisticated basis by the thinkers and prophets of different religions. It became a basis and practice of Atheists, as well theists. But originally Yoga belongs to non-religious customs and thought process of the human races living under primitive conditions from the time of stone age perhaps. Among the primitive people the state of being in ecstasy and intoxicated by the use of narcotics is held in a high honour, these practices are the part of the duties of the Chief of the tribe asserting the belief of being all powerful healer and caretaker and assuring the well-being of the whole tribe. The rituals consist for bringing morbid ecstasy, brought on by meditation, fasting, narcotics, excitement, acquisition of supernatural powers as feasible, as the underlying postulate of Yoga. It is aimed primarily at the attainment of control over certain powers and potencies conducive to the benefit of the sacrifice and his family. Origin lies in simpler forms of nature worship with cessation in animistic and totemistic ideas.
The breath exercises or physical exercises possess the power to form and expand mind, concentration and other spiritual exercises powerfully influence functions of the body is an almost on unquestionable axiomatic truth for the followers of Yoga; practices of earlier belief design to control nature, origin of the Yoga practices in sympathetic magic of association-cultural and psychological boost as collective work caring and sharing and sympathy, the basis of human basic instinct of compassion. Before the organized religion and God came to existence, so belief in in ascetic practices to use power to hold intercourse with the spirit world, in a marvelous way to change the ordinary course of nature. In ancient and present India the ascetic practices are called TAPA which mean literally Heat, warmth and fervor the literal meaning then the sweat generated by self-mortification and the condition of the internal heat created thus caused i.e. ecstasy.
YOGA SUTRA is attributed to Patanjali, a grammarian of 2nd century, the author of great comments (MAHABHASHYA) on Panini. Yoga is not a philosophical view at all. Certain practices that had been drawn from hoary antiquity were imagined to conducive to certain supernatural powers.
Yoga Sutra elaborated these practices also a specific philosophical view, that has no inherent connection between the two. The practices were immensely old . Concrete relics of the Indus civilization like stone statues and pictures depicted on the Seals were prevalent in the country as early as 3rd millennium BC . In course of time these became the floating possession , as it were all sorts of religious sects and even philosophical systems, of which Sankhya was but one. The yoga practices have undergone diverse changes in diverse schools.
The yoga practices grew in accordance with the doctrine of Saivas an Saktas, they grew in another direction as Hatha Yoga which was supposed to produce mystical magical feats through constant practices of the elaborate nervous exercises, which were also associated with the healing and other supernatural powers. The influence of these practices in the development of TANTRA and other modes of warship was also very great
The Yoga experience; Mysticism
The Yoga experience in the sense of supernormal form of experience is a plain myth for none in fact is known to have actually attained it. Here is an exceptional exposition on the myth created about Yoga by the most versatile and exceptional Indian philosopher, who argued and exposed the myth of Yoga at a time when the modern sciences had not advanced to expose the falsehoods and superstitions.
The sense of supernormal form expression is a plain myth for none in fact is known to have actually attained it. Kumarilla Bhatt (the outstanding philosopher of India circa 8th century AD) says “But such yoga knowledge is not found to belong to any person in life,” We do not really know, what would happen to a person if he ever actually attains the Yoga state. There are simply bantering ways of questioning the veracity of the yoga experience.
On the admission of those that believe in Yoga, the so called yoga experience is supposed to be a purely personal experience possessed by the Yogis belonging to his own clan. Even perception of the yogis is not different from the one of every day life. Being perception after all, adds Kumarilla, Even Yoga perception is dependent on its support i.e. has object corresponding to it. In so far as such object is actually present before the perceiver, the perception is like our own everyday perceptions. But it is ordinarily believed that that the Yogis can perceive things that are not actually present before them objects belonging in the past of the from one of everyday life. Being future. However, comments Kumarila, even the awareness of things belonging to the past and the future is not a mysterious phenomenon. What makes it look mysterious phenomenon? What makes if look mysterious is the error of calling it some extraordinary form of perception. In our ordinary life, we are often aware of the past and future, but these are called (Smriti) memory. And desire (Abhilasha) respectively. In memory we are aware of the past in the desire of the future, i.e. of something which we want to come with being. This shows that within the range of ordinary experience there exist the possibility of knowing the past and the future. The Yogis, being nothing more than human beings, to know the past and the future in this sense. To view such knowledge of the Yogis as special form of Yogic experience is simply mongering. Again, it is sometimes claimed that Yogis develop some special form of vision , called “PRATIBHA” by which they can transcend the normal limits of the sense organs. The talk of PRATIBHA in a sense of supernormal power, is only a myth, because it is never observed anywhere, not it is known in any other form. There is only one sense in which “PRATIBHA’ can be accepted and that is the sense of “pure fancy” the same in which ordinary men have it as much as the Yogis.
The yogic experience, in so a far as it deserves any hearing , is in no way different from and special to the experience of our ordinary life.
The idealist claim that being based on the suppression of passion , meditation, etc, the yogis experience has some supernatural quality But while trying to take resort to yogic experience in this this sense the idealist appeals to the verdict of only another form of false experience, because notwithstanding the suppression of passion, mediation, etc The yogis experience in sense of some supernatural-experience is only a false experience” Kumarila sums up.
In case of yogic knowledge such peculiarities you may attribute e.g. the fact of its being comprehended thought the suppression of passion, meditation etc. would also be subjected , and hence your argument will become self- contradictory”- thus then the yogic knowledge in validating the waking (experience) knowledge having proved false, you will have to reject all such exceptional characteristics of yogic experience) knowledge –as the fact of the proceedings from the suppression etc. from which you conclude such knowledge to be correct. And in this way your knowledge becomes self- contradictory. Mimamsa (orthodox school of philosophy) in general went completely to reject the spells of mystics. The yoga is sheer imagination a fantasy, just as any other ordinary fanaticism